Identifiers


An identifier is a string used to identify a database object such as a table, view, schema, column, etc. Spark SQL has regular identifiers and delimited identifiers, which are enclosed within backtick

Syntax

Regular Identifier

{ letter | digit | '_' } [ , ... ]

Note: If spark.sql.ansi.enabled is set to true, ANSI SQL reserved keywords cannot be used as identifiers. For more details, please refer to ANSI Compliance.


Delimited Identifier

`c [ ... ]`

Parameters

  • letter
    Any letter from A-Z or a-z.
  • digit
    Any numeral from 0 to 9.
  • c
    Any character from the character set. Use ` to escape special characters (e.g., `).

Examples

-- This CREATE TABLE fails with ParseException because of the illegal identifier name a.b
CREATE TABLE test (a.b int);
org.apache.spark.sql.catalyst.parser.ParseException:
no viable alternative at input 'CREATE TABLE test (a.'(line 1, pos 20)

-- This CREATE TABLE works
CREATE TABLE test (`a.b` int);

-- This CREATE TABLE fails with ParseException because special character ` is not escaped
CREATE TABLE test1 (`a`b` int);
org.apache.spark.sql.catalyst.parser.ParseException:
no viable alternative at input 'CREATE TABLE test (`a`b`'(line 1, pos 23)

-- This CREATE TABLE works
CREATE TABLE test (`a``b` int);

Did this page help you?