LIKE Predicate

Description

A LIKE predicate is used to search for a specific pattern. This predicate also supports multiple patterns with quantifiers include ANY, SOME and ALL.

Syntax

[ NOT ] { LIKE search_pattern [ ESCAPE esc_char ] | [ RLIKE | REGEXP ] regex_pattern }

[ NOT ] { LIKE quantifiers ( search_pattern [ , ... ]) }

Parameters

  • search_pattern

    Specifies a string pattern to be searched by the LIKE clause. It can contain special pattern-matching characters:

    • % matches zero or more characters.
    • _ matches exactly one character.
  • esc_char

    Specifies the escape character. The default escape character is .

  • regex_pattern

    Specifies a regular expression search pattern to be searched by the RLIKE or REGEXP clause.

  • quantifiers

    Specifies the predicate quantifiers include ANY, SOME and ALL. ANY or SOME means if one of the patterns matches the input, then return true; ALL means if all the patterns matches the input, then return true.

Examples

CREATE TABLE person (id INT, name STRING, age INT);
INSERT INTO person VALUES
    (100, 'John', 30),
    (200, 'Mary', NULL),
    (300, 'Mike', 80),
    (400, 'Dan',  50),
    (500, 'Evan_w', 16);

SELECT * FROM person WHERE name LIKE 'M%';
+---+----+----+
| id|name| age|
+---+----+----+
|300|Mike|  80|
|200|Mary|null|
+---+----+----+

SELECT * FROM person WHERE name LIKE 'M_ry';
+---+----+----+
| id|name| age|
+---+----+----+
|200|Mary|null|
+---+----+----+

SELECT * FROM person WHERE name NOT LIKE 'M_ry';
+---+------+---+
| id|  name|age|
+---+------+---+
|500|Evan_W| 16|
|300|  Mike| 80|
|100|  John| 30|
|400|   Dan| 50|
+---+------+---+

SELECT * FROM person WHERE name RLIKE 'M+';
+---+----+----+
| id|name| age|
+---+----+----+
|300|Mike|  80|
|200|Mary|null|
+---+----+----+

SELECT * FROM person WHERE name REGEXP 'M+';
+---+----+----+
| id|name| age|
+---+----+----+
|300|Mike|  80|
|200|Mary|null|
+---+----+----+

SELECT * FROM person WHERE name LIKE '%\_%';
+---+------+---+
| id|  name|age|
+---+------+---+
|500|Evan_W| 16|
+---+------+---+

SELECT * FROM person WHERE name LIKE '%$_%' ESCAPE '$';
+---+------+---+
| id|  name|age|
+---+------+---+
|500|Evan_W| 16|
+---+------+---+

SELECT * FROM person WHERE name LIKE ALL ('%an%', '%an');
+---+----+----+
| id|name| age|
+---+----+----+
|400| Dan|  50|
+---+----+----+

SELECT * FROM person WHERE name LIKE ANY ('%an%', '%an');
+---+------+---+
| id|  name|age|
+---+------+---+
|400|   Dan| 50|
|500|Evan_W| 16|
+---+------+---+

SELECT * FROM person WHERE name LIKE SOME ('%an%', '%an');
+---+------+---+
| id|  name|age|
+---+------+---+
|400|   Dan| 50|
|500|Evan_W| 16|
+---+------+---+

SELECT * FROM person WHERE name NOT LIKE ALL ('%an%', '%an');
+---+----+----+
| id|name| age|
+---+----+----+
|100|John|  30|
|200|Mary|null|
|300|Mike|  80|
+---+----+----+

SELECT * FROM person WHERE name NOT LIKE ANY ('%an%', '%an');
+---+------+----+
| id|  name| age|
+---+------+----+
|100|  John|  30|
|200|  Mary|null|
|300|  Mike|  80|
|500|Evan_W|  16|
+---+------+----+

SELECT * FROM person WHERE name NOT LIKE SOME ('%an%', '%an');
+---+------+----+
| id|  name| age|
+---+------+----+
|100|  John|  30|
|200|  Mary|null|
|300|  Mike|  80|
|500|Evan_W|  16|
+---+------+----+

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